Domus Aurea, which translates to "Golden House" in Latin, was a grand palace constructed by Emperor Nero in the heart of ancient Rome. It was built after the Great Fire of Rome in 64 AD and occupied an area of about 80 hectares. The palace was known for its opulence, and it was adorned with gold, jewels, and precious stones, making it one of the most extravagant palaces of its time. The Domus Aurea was a testament to Nero's grandeur, and it featured various entertainment facilities such as a large artificial lake, vineyards, and parks.
The palace also had beautifully painted rooms and halls, adorned with intricate frescoes and adorned with sculptures. After Nero's death, the palace was abandoned, and many of its features were destroyed or pillaged by subsequent emperors. The site was eventually buried by Emperor Trajan, who constructed a bath complex on top of it. Today, visitors can explore the remains of the domus in rome through guided tours. These tours provide an insight into the grandeur of the palace and the art and architecture of ancient Rome.
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The West Wing is one of the main highlights of Nero's Golden House, a grand palace complex built during the Roman Empire. The wing consists of a large octagonal room with a domed ceiling, which was decorated with intricate frescoes and embellishments. The room also features a central pool, surrounded by columns and sculptures, and was designed to provide an immersive sensory experience. The West Wing is considered a masterpiece of Roman architecture, showcasing the skill and ingenuity of the empire's builders and artists. Today, visitors can tour the remains of the Golden House and admire the stunning West Wing, which provides a glimpse into the opulence and grandeur of ancient Rome.
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The frescoes in Nero's Golden House were a highlight of the palace's interior decoration. They were executed in the Fourth Style of Roman wall painting, which combined elements of the earlier styles and featured complex architectural designs and illusionistic effects. The frescoes depicted a wide range of subjects, including mythological scenes, landscapes, still lifes, and architectural vistas. Some of the most famous examples include the Domus Aurea's Octagonal Room, which featured a ceiling painting of a coffered dome with the signs of the zodiac, and the Hall of the Golden Vault, which had a fresco of a garden with birds, animals, and flowers.
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Domus Transitoria was a grand palace complex built by Emperor Nero before the construction of his more famous Golden House. It was located between the Palatine and Esquiline Hills and connected these two imperial residences. The palace featured ornate architecture and impressive artwork, including frescoes, stucco decorations, and mosaic floors. The palace complex also had a system of underground tunnels and baths, as well as gardens and artificial lakes. Though much of the palace was destroyed in the Great Fire of Rome in 64 AD, some parts have been excavated and can still be visited today, providing a glimpse into the opulence and extravagance of ancient Roman architecture.
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The Colossus of Nero was a statue of the emperor himself that stood at the entrance of the Domus Aurea. It was a massive bronze statue, over 100 feet tall, that portrayed Nero in a heroic pose. The statue was designed by the Greek sculptor Zenodorus and was inspired by the famous statue of the Greek god Helios in Rhodes. The Colossus of Nero was one of the many examples of Nero's megalomania and extravagance, and it became a symbol of his tyranny. The statue was eventually destroyed during the reign of Vespasian, and its remains were used to build the Flavian Amphitheater, known today as the Colosseum.
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The story of Domus Aurea’s rediscovery dates back to a young Roman in the 15th century who falls into a cleft in Esquiline Hill and ends up in a cave-like structure filled with painted figures. Soon, many young artists flocked to this area and had themselves let down into the cave with ropes tied around them. The Fourth Style frescoes, from the ancient Roman mural paintings, were discovered here and had an electrifying influence on the early Renaissance that had just started in Rome as well as on the Neoclassicism movement of the 18th century. Although these paintings are faded now, they became a revelation of true antiquity.
The pavilion’s discovery induced the slow albeit inevitable process of decay and degeneration as it let moisture into the structure. Heavy rains, humidity and the trees in the parks above the discovery site are adding to the damage as the roots are slowly sinking into the ceilings, walls and frescoes. The excavation of the Golden House properly began only in the 18th century. Another room with frescoes was found in the 19th century which was decorated with a sphinx, centaurs and even panthers.
Domus Aurea Today:
Presently, Domus Aurea is one of the most exciting underground attractions in Rome. However, visits are only possible in small groups. The West Wing is a highly visited place where you can tour the Octagonal Room, the Golden Vault and see the remains of frescoes and paintings on the ceilings. Visits to the Domus Aurea are now made even more interesting with VR headsets with narration that can show you reconstructions of how the place actually looked like in ancient Rome.
Continuous efforts of excavation and restoration are going on to this day in the Domus Aurea site due to which visitors are allowed only at the weekends and are required to wear helmets for safety purposes.
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Opening Hours: Thursday
Two visits: 4.00 pm and 5.30 pm
Friday, Saturday, and Sunday: 9:15 am - 5:00 pm
Visits are held every 15 minutes
Location: Via Della Domus Aurea, 00184 Roma RM, Italy.
How To Reach:
By Metro: The nearest metro station is Colosseo, and it's just a short 5-minute walk from there to reach the Domus Aurea.
By bus: Buses 51, 85, and 87 will take you to Colosseo, and from there, it's a 5-minute uphill walk to reach the Domus Aurea.
By taxi: Taking a taxi directly to the park entrance will get you to the attraction quickly, and it's only a 2-minute walk to the main door of the Domus Aurea.
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Domus Aurea is a palace built by Emperor Nero in the 1st century AD, known for its extravagant design and decoration, including frescoes, stucco work, and complex water features.
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Yes, visitors can visit the Domus Aurea, but only on guided tours. The number of visitors is limited, and advance reservations are required.
The Domus Aurea is open for guided tours from Tuesday to Sunday, from 9:00 AM to 6:45 PM. The tours last approximately 80 minutes, and advance reservations are required.
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Domus in rome is famous for its luxurious design and decoration, including elaborate frescoes, stucco work, and innovative water features. It is considered a masterpiece of ancient Roman architecture and a testament to Nero's opulent reign.
Visitors can expect to see the remains of Nero's palace, including the West Wing, the Octagonal Room, the Hall of the Colossal Statue, and stunning frescoes and stucco work depicting mythological scenes and landscapes.
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The Domus Aurea is located directly opposite the Colosseum. Interestingly, the Colosseum was constructed on the grounds of an artificial lake that was once a part of the expansive landscape of the Domus Aurea. These two iconic structures share a historical connection, with the former repurposing elements of the latter's grand design.
Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus, the fifth Roman emperor, commissioned the Domus Aurea as his extravagant pleasure palace. History depicts him as a despotic, self-indulgent, and controversial ruler, earning disdain from the aristocrats while enjoying popularity among the lower classes. The construction of the Domus Aurea stands as a testament to Nero's opulent and grandiose lifestyle, despite the mixed feelings his reign evoked among the Roman populace.
Following Nero's death, the Domus Aurea suffered a fate of decline, losing its former splendor, and was ultimately abandoned. The intention behind this was to wipe away all traces and memories of the infamous emperor. The once opulent and extravagant palace fell into neglect, marking the end of an era and a dramatic shift in the perception of Nero's legacy.
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There is no specific dress code for visiting the Domus Aurea. However, it is recommended to wear comfortable shoes or sandals for walking. Additionally, carrying a sweater or jacket is advisable, as the temperature inside the Domus can drop as low as 10 degrees Celsius. Being prepared with appropriate footwear and clothing will ensure a pleasant and enjoyable experience during your visit.
At present, the Domus Aurea offers tours of its pavilion situated on the Oppian Hill. During these tours, visitors can marvel at the Nymphaeum, the Octagonal Hall, the convivium room, and the Golden Vault. The experience includes strolling through the vast corridors and gazing up at the beautifully adorned frescoes and mosaics on the ceilings. These guided tours provide a captivating journey into the opulence and artistry of this ancient palace, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in its rich history and architectural marvels.